UL OFDMA- Make RF Collisions Work

During 802.11ax UL OFDMA magic happens in the RF space. What were RF collisions before is with 802.11ax normal behavior.

I will in this blog briefly explain what happens in the RF space during UL OFDMA.
I recommend reading one of the previous articles where I explain what it looks like in Wireshark.
I will simplify it so it is two clients that will send their data uplink in two different 106-tones RU

A short summary of the UL OFDMA process
– The AP sends a Basic Trigger frame, as a broadcast frame, in the legacy frame format at one of the mandatory rates
– STAs (clients) that are announced in the Basic Trigger frame sends their data uplink to the AP in parallel
— The AP sends a broadcast Multi-STA BlockAck frame to acknowledgment the received data frames

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Does my network do both DL and UL OFDMA?

I have tested the new 802.11ax standard lately and I have suspected that the downlink data frames don’t do Multi User OFDMA (DL OFDMA). I have also sent a question regarding this to some WiFi experts, but no one has answered. So, let us use Wireshark and Sidekick to dive into it.

This test is done with public available devices and software. I have not dived into release notes for each device. This is an article where I use Wireshark and Sidekick to examine how things work.

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HE MU-RTS and CTS deep-dive

The second powerpoint series in my deep dive into the HE/802.11ax protocol is about the Multi User Request to Send (MU-RTS) and Clear to Send (CTS) process.

MU-RTS is one of the new Trigger Frames in the HE process and will be used instead of the legacy RTS.

I’ve have rewritten the slides some times while I have discovered new items during my interpreting of the IEEE802.11ax draft, so the coherence of the slides could have been better.
If I have interpreted it wrong, please tell it to me

My lab is consisting of Cisco equipment and Cisco have not implemented this functionality yet, so nothing is tested in real life.

I hope it useful



Cisco 9800 CL and AP in FlexConnect


Last week I got one of my colleagues to install Vmware Workstation and Cisco Catalyst 9800 CL at one of my clients and after 24 hours of configuring and troubleshooting, I finally made it works with APs in FlexConnect mode.

Ciscos documentation on Catalyst 9800 CL and APs in FlexConnect mode is not perfect and I had a lot of challenges during configuration. I have therefore made this recipe for myself and anyone else

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OFDM, HT and VHT PHY cheat sheet

I mentioned in my latest blogarticle that I have read the book “Next Generation Wireless LANs” second edition from Eldad Perahia and Robert Stacy. This is fantastic book that goes way beyonds study material for the CWAP-certification .

To memorize this bit-by-bit stuff I have made myself a ODFM, HT and VHT PHY cheat sheet

Remark: This is a 50% product and in A3 format.

Constructive feedback are welcome

Downloadable file (pdf): OFDM, HT and VHT PHY Reference cheat sheets

ODFM, HT and VHT PHY reference cheat sheets